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Does the Sabbath begin at evening (sunset to sunset) like we have been told for so many years? Why didn’t the Creator say,“and the evening and the evening,” day 1? Could it be possible that the words“evening and the morning” from Genesis the first chapter mean something else?
Many Sabbath Keepers have come to the conclusion that the phrase “the evening and the morning” determines the beginning of a new day. Is this your thinking? Creation started with night first, then the light (day) came. Therefore, evening equals the night, and the morning equals the day. This constitutes one day.
Do you believe this? The evening equals the night portion of the day, and the morning equals the daylight portion of the day. Can this be proven from the scriptures?
Let the Scriptures speak!
Genesis 1:1-5 (King James Version)
1 In the [A] beginning Elohim created the heaven and the earth.
2 And the earth was (became or had become) without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of Elohim moved upon the face of the waters.
3 And Elohim said, Let there be light: and there was light.
4 And Elohim saw the light, that it was good: and Elohim divided the light from the darkness. (The creator separates the light from the darkness)
5 And Elohim called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And the evening and the morning were the first day. Why didn’t The Creator just say, “and the evening and the evening” were the first day.
We see this same pattern on each day “And the evening and the morning” second day, third day, fourth day, fifth day, and the sixth day.
Light = Day and Darkness = Night … remember this.
What is the evening and the morning?
Definition of “Evening”
The word evening comes from the Hebrew root word “arab” which means “to grow dark.” See below.
Definition of “Morning”
Let’s also look up the word “Day.”
Basic Strong’s Concordance Usage 101
The word “evening” #H6153 according to Strong’s Concordance means:
1) evening, night, sunset
a) evening, sunset
So, which is it? Evening or sunset or night?
“Evening and sunset” isa the primary meaning, and “night” is the secondary meaning. To get a clearer understanding of the meaning for “evening” we have to look at the “root word” from which it is derived. That Hebrew word is “ARAB” which means “to grow dark”. The word night is not a good definition of the word “evening.”
However, there is a separate Hebrew word for “night” and that word is “layil.” Always look at the context in which a word is used.
Let’s read Genesis 1:1-4 again using light = day and darkness = night from Genesis 1:5
1 In the [a] beginning Elohim created the heavens and the earth.
2 And the earth was (had become or became) without form, and void; and night was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of Elohim moved upon the face of the waters.
3 And Elohim said, Let there be day: and there was day.
4 And Elohim saw the day, that it was good: and Elohim divided the day from the night.
5 ….. And it came to be evening (growing dark) and it came to be morning (growing light): the first Day.
Notice the translation from The Scriptures and The Hebrew Interlinear Bible of Genesis 1:5
The evening and the morning does not and cannot equal one day. If it did, then we would be keeping the Sabbath from sunset until sunrise in the darkness of night. Then I would ask you, “Why are you keeping the Sabbath from sunset to sunset instead of sunset to morning?” Therefore, we know that there is a deeper meaning of “and the evening and the morning.”
Just because the darkness (night) existed on earth first doesn’t necessarily mean that the day begins at sunset or in darkness. The evening cannot exist unless there is light (day) first. In fact the evening is part of the day, but we’ll prove this later. The evening marks the ending of a day going into the night. The morning marks the period where night ends and day begins. And “the evening and the morning” are transitional periods that separate the day from the night.
A 24 hour period should be reckoned from morning to morning. However, the 24 hour period consists ofThe Day, Evening, Night, and Morning.
The progression would look like this:
C. H. Leupold (Exposition of Genesis, Vol. 1, pp. 57-58) states: [Gen. 1:5], presents not an addition of items but the conclusion of a progression. On this day there had been the creation of heaven and earth in the rough, then the creation of light, the approval of light, the separation of day and night. Now with evening the divine activities ceased: they are works of light, not works of darkness. The evening “erbhof” merges into night and the night terminates with morning. But by the time morning is reached, the first day is concluded, as the account says succinctly, ‘the first day,’ and everything is in readiness for the second day’s task. For ‘evening’ marks the conclusion of the day, and ‘morning’ marks the conclusion of the night. It is these conclusions, which terminate the preceding, that are to be made prominent.”
Appositional phrases are similar to both construct phrases and accusatives of specification; in all three phrase types one noun serves to define another noun more precisely 
Genesis 1:5 is an example of an appositional phrase. “Evening was and Morning was Day One.” Apposition means relationship. The lead word or lead noun is “DAY” which is the Appositive. The distributed appositives are evening and morning which describes the precise parameters of the Day or Day One.
The night is NOT a part of this appositional phrase which means that there is NO RELATIONSHIP between the Day and the Night. The day and night are separated by the evening and the morning, but the evening and the morning only exist in relationship to the light which is called day.
 Waltke, B. K., & O’Connor, M. P. (1990). An introduction to biblical Hebrew syntax (p. 226). Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns.
Upon searching the scriptures, you will discover that a 24-hour period consists of morning, day, evening and night. The day portion is a 12-hour period that occurs between the morning and the evening. Still using Genesis 1 as our foundation we see that in verse 5, the light is called day and the dark is called night, furthermore we see that the evening and morning are the separation markers between the day and night. Also notice that throughout Genesis 1 we see the words “and the evening and the morning” six times indicating the days when creation occurred. However, in Genesis 2:1-3 we see that only the seventh day was mentioned and was made set-apart. There is no “and the evening and the morning was the seventh-day.” It doesn’t exist. There is no reference of a “seventh night” or “Sabbath night” as set-apart. Only the seventh day was set apart by The Most High and should be observed as the Sabbath Day or Shabbat Yom.
Does the evening start the day (going into night) or is it a part of the day (light)?
John 11:9-10 (King James Version)
Understanding The Day
9 The Messiah answered, Are there not twelve hours in the day? If any man walk in the day, he stumbled not, because he seeth the light of this world. 10 But if a man walk in the night, he stumbled, because there is no light in him.
When words like “tomorrow“, “the next day“, “in that day“, or “the same day“ are used in the Bible, this indicates that the evening is a continuation of the day and not the beginning of a new day. You’ll be able to see this clearly in the following verses.
Judges 19:9 (King James Version)
9 And when the man rose up to depart, he, and his concubine, and his servant, his father in law, the damsel’s father, said unto him, Behold, now the day (light) draweth toward evening (sunset), I pray youtarry all night (night comes after sunset): behold, the day (light) groweth to an end (at sunset), lodge here, that thine heart may be merry; and to morrow (next day of light) get you early on your way, that thou mayest go home.
Mark 4:35 (King James Version)
35 And the same day, when the even was come, he saith unto them, Let us pass over unto the other side. The words “same day and even” cannot be used this way if “even” starts a new day
John 20:19 (King James Version)
19 Then the same day at evening, being the first day of the week, when the doors were shut where the disciples were assembled for fear of the Jews, came The Messiah and stood in the midst, and saith unto them, Peace be unto you. The words “same day and evening” cannot be used this way if “evening” starts a new day.
Jonah 4:7 (New King James Version)
7 But as morning dawned the next day The Most High prepared a worm, and it so damaged the plant that it withered. The day starts in the morning at daybreak.
Exodus 18:13 [King James Version]
 And it came to pass on the morrow, that Moses sat to judge the people: and the people stood by Moses from the morning unto the evening..
Leviticus 7:15 (King James Version)
15 And the flesh of the sacrifice of his peace offerings for thanksgiving shall be eaten the same day that it is offered; he shall not leave any of it until the morning.
Morning begins a new day; otherwise, it would have said “none should be left until evening”, if evening begins the new day.
1 Samuel 19:11 (King James Version)
11 Saul also sent messengers unto David’s house, to watch him, and to slay him in the morning: and Michal David’s wife told him, saying, If thou save not thy life tonight, tomorrow thou shalt be slain. If the evening starts the day, tomorrow would be the following night and not the following morning.
Remember this verse
John 11:9 (King James Version)
9 The Messiah answered, Are there not twelve hours in the day? If any man walk in the day, he stumbleth not, because he seeth the light of this world.
Matthew 20:1-16 (King James Version)
The Master’s Vineyard
1 For the kingdom of heaven is like unto a man that is an householder, which went out early in the morning to hire labourers into his vineyard.
2 And when he had agreed with the labourers for a penny a day, he sent them into his vineyard.
3 And he went out about the third hour, and saw others standing idle in the marketplace,
4 And said unto them; Go ye also into the vineyard, and whatsoever is right I will give you. And they went their way.
5 Again he went out about the sixth and ninth hour, and did likewise.
6 And about the eleventh hour he went out, and found others standing idle, and saith unto them, Why stand ye here all the day idle?
7 They say unto him, Because no man hath hired us. He saith unto them, Go ye also into the vineyard; and whatsoever is right, that shall ye receive.
8 So when even was come (the 12th hour), the lord of the vineyard saith unto his steward, Call the labourers, and give them their hire, beginning from the last unto the first.
9 And when they came that were hired about the eleventh hour, they received every man a penny.
10 But when the first came, they supposed that they should have received more; and they likewise received every man a penny.
11 And when they had received it, they murmured against the goodman of the house,
12 Saying, These last have wrought but one hour (from the 11th hour until the 12th hour), and thou hast made them equal unto us, which have borne the burden and heat of the day.
13 But he answered one of them, and said, Friend, I do thee no wrong: didst not thou agree with me for a penny?
14 Take that thine is, and go thy way: I will give unto this last, even as unto thee.
15 Is it not lawful for me to do what I will with mine own? Is thine eye evil, because I am good?
16 So the last shall be first, and the first last: for many be called, but few chosen.
Leviticus 23:26-32 (King James Version)
The Day of Atonement
This is the only place I have been able to find scripture that use “even to even.”
26 And YAH spake unto Moses, saying, 27 Also on the tenth day of this seventh month there shall be a day of atonement: it shall be an holy (set-apart) convocation (gathering) unto you; and ye shall AFFLICT (H6031) your souls, and offer an offering made by fire unto YaHUH. 28 And ye shall do no work in that same day: for it is a day of atonement, to make an atonement for you before YaHUH your Elohim (Alahiym). 29 For whatsoever soul it be that shall not be afflicted in that same day, he shall be cut off from among his people. 30 And whatsoever soul it be that doeth any work in that same day, the same soul will I destroy from among his people. 31 Ye shall do no manner of work: it shall be a statute forever throughout your generations in all your dwellings. 32 It shall be unto you a Sabbath of rest, and ye shall afflict your souls: in the ninth day of the month at even, from even unto even, shall ye celebrate your Sabbath
The Day of Atonement is actually on the 10th day of the 7th month. Israel was to afflict (fast) their souls starting the 9th day at even until the eve of the 10th day.
If we use the sunset to sunset scenario to observe The Day of Atonement starting at sunset on the 10th day and end the Day of Atonement at the following sunset, then what happens to afflicting our souls on the 9th day?
If we use the sunset to sunset scenario to observe The Day of Atonement starting at sunset on the 9th day and end the Day of Atonement at the following sunset, then what happens to afflicting our souls on the 10th day?
The only option in keeping a Sunset to Sunset Day of Atonement to be inclusive of both the 9th day and the 10th day would be a 48-hour Day of Atonement.
However, if we recognize that a day begins at sunrise and ends at sunset (evening), then the Day of Atonement would be a 24-hour period starting the evening of the 9th and ending the evening of the 10th day. PERFECT!
23 The sun was risen upon the earth when Lot entered into Zoar. 33 And they made their father drink wine that night (after the day light, same 24-hour period): and the firstborn went in and lay with her father; and he perceived not when she lay down, nor when she arose. 34 And it came to pass on the morrow (the next day of light), that the firstborn said unto the younger, Behold, I lay yesternight (last night; not yesterday) with my father: let us make him drink wine this night also; and go thou in, and lie with him, that we may preserve seed of our father. 35 And they made their father drink wine that nightalso: and the younger arose and lay with him; and he perceived not when she lay down, nor when she arose. See the progression from the day to night and the terminology used by Lot’s daughters to describe the event.
Disclaimer: Kingdom-info does not condone incest. Incest is a direct violation of the law of YAH (Torah)Leviticus 18:6-18.
Exodus 12:6-12 (King James Version)
6 And ye shall keep it up until the fourteenth day (light) of the same month: and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening (The Hebrew text reads “in between the evenings”).
8 And they shall eat the flesh in that night (the 14th), roast with fire, and unleavened bread; and with bitter herbs they shall eat it.
10 And ye shall let nothing of it remain until the morning (the 15th); and that which remained of it until the morning ye shall burn with fire.
11 And thus shall ye eat it; with your loins girded, your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and ye shall eat it in haste: it is the The LORD’s Passover.
12 For I will pass through the land of Egypt this night, and will smite all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment: I am the LORD.
The Day of Preparation Before The Feast of Unleavened Bread
If you are reckoning time from sunset to sunset, it is very difficult to see the flow or harmony between the Torah (law) account of the Passover and the Gospel account of the Messiah Crucifixion on Passover.
Sequence of events:
1. Joseph of Arimathea prepared the body of The Messiah to be buried on the Preparation Day before the Holy Day.
2. John 19:31 (King James Version): The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation, that the bodies should not remain upon the cross on the sabbath day, (for that sabbath day was an high day,) besought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away.
He knew that he had to get the body ready for burial as soon as possible on the preparation day (Passover) before the Feast of Unleavened Bread (The Holy Day). Joseph knew that the body of The Messiah could not be left hanging overnight according to the Law or Torah. Take a look atDeuteronomy 21:22-23 & Joshua 10:26-27.
3. It was already ” between the evening” (from 3:00 pm to sunset toward the beginning of darkness or night) on the Day of Preparation (i.e. Wednesday evening) when Joseph requested permission from Pilate to take The Messiah’s body (See Matthew 27:57-58; Mark 15:42-43).
4. Pilate sent a centurion to verify that The Messiah was dead (Mark 15:44-45).
5. Joseph purchased linen strips to wrap the body of The Messiah (Mark 15:46).
Remember this: It was already between the evenings when Joseph got permission from Pilate to take the body.
By the time they got the body buried, it would have been at sunset going into the night and the Sabbath (which started the next morning) was drawing near (Luke 23:54).
Luke 23:54 (King James Version)
54 And that day was the preparation, and the Sabbath drew on.
Let’s look up the words “drew on” …
Exodus 16:1-26 (King James Version)
1 And they took their journey from Elim, and all the congregation of the children of Israel came unto the wilderness of Sin, which is between Elim and Sinai, on the fifteenth day of the second month after their departing out of the land of Egypt.
2 And the whole congregation of the children of Israel murmured against Moses and Aaron in the wilderness:
3 And the children of Israel said unto them, Would to Elohim we had died by the hand of YAH in the land of Egypt, when we sat by the flesh pots, and when we did eat bread to the full; for ye have brought us forth into this wilderness, to kill this whole assembly with hunger.
4 Then said YAH unto Moses, Behold, I will rain bread from heaven for you; and the people shall go out and gather a certain rate every day, that I may prove them, whether they will walk in my law, or no.
5 And it shall come to pass, that on the sixth day they shall prepare that which they bring in; and it shall be twice as much as they gather daily.
6 And Moses and Aaron said unto all the children of Israel, At even, then ye shall know that YAH hath brought you out from the land of Egypt:
7 And in the morning, then ye shall see the glory of YAH; for that he heareth your murmurings against YAH: and what are we, that ye murmur against us?
8 And Moses said, This shall be, when YAH shall give you in the evening flesh to eat, and in the morning bread to the full; for that YAH heareth your murmurings which ye murmur against him: and what are we? your murmurings are not against us, but against YAH.
9 And Moses spake unto Aaron, Say unto all the congregation of the children of Israel, Come near before YAH: for he hath heard your murmurings.
10 And it came to pass, as Aaron spake unto the whole congregation of the children of Israel, that they looked toward the wilderness, and, behold, the glory of YAH appeared in the cloud.
11 And YAH spake unto Moses, saying,
12 I have heard the murmurings of the children of Israel: speak unto them, saying, At even ye shall eat flesh, and in the morning ye shall be filled with bread
13 And it came to pass, that at even the quails came up, and covered the camp: and in the morning the dew lay round about the host.
14 And when the dew that lay was gone up, behold, upon the face of the wilderness there lay a small round thing, as small as the hoar frost on the ground.
15 And when the children of Israel saw it, they said one to another, It is manna: for they wist not what it was. And Moses said unto them, This is the bread which YAH hath given you to eat.
16 This is the thing which YAH hath commanded, Gather of it every man according to his eating, an omer for every man, according to the number of your persons; take ye every man for them which are in his tents.
17 And the children of Israel did so, and gathered, some more, some less.
18 And when they did mete it with an omer, he that gathered much had nothing over, and he that gathered little had no lack; they gathered every man according to his eating.
19 And Moses said, Let no man leave of it till the morning (the next day).
20 Notwithstanding they hearkened not unto Moses; but some of them left of it until the morning, and it bred worms, and stank: and
Moses was wroth with them.
21 And they gathered it every morning (the start of the day), every man according to his eating: and when the sun waxed hot, it melted.
22 And it came to pass, that on the sixth day they gathered twice as much bread, two omers for one man: and all the rulers of the congregation came and told Moses.
23 And he said unto them, This is that which YAH hath said, To morrow (the next morning or day or light)is the rest of the holy sabbath unto YAH: bake that which ye will bake to day, and seethe that ye will seethe; and that which remaineth over lay up for you to be kept until the morning (the start of the day).
24 And they laid it up till the morning (the start of the day), as Moses bade: and it did not stink, neither was there any worm therein.
25 And Moses said, Eat that to day (light); for to day is a
Sabbath (light) unto YAH: to day ye shall not find it in the field.
26 Six days ye shall gather it; but on the seventh day (light), which is the Sabbath; in it there shall be none.
Nehemiah 13:15-20 (King James Version)
15 In those days saw I in Judah some treading wine presses on the Sabbath, and bringing in sheaves, and lading asses; as also wine, grapes, and figs, and all manner of burdens, which they brought into Jerusalem on the Sabbath day: and I testified against them in the day wherein they sold victuals.
16 There dwelt men of Tyre also therein, which brought fish, and all manner of ware, and sold on the Sabbath unto the children of Judah, and in Jerusalem.
17 Then I contended with the nobles of Judah, and said unto them, What evil thing is this that ye do, and profane the Sabbath day?
18 Did not your fathers thus, and did not our God bring all this evil upon us, and upon this city? yet ye bring more wrath upon Israel by profaning the Sabbath.
19 And it came to pass, that when the gates of Jerusalem began to be dark before the Sabbath, I commanded that the gates should be shut, and charged that they should not be opened till after the Sabbath: and some of my servants set I at the gates, that there should no burden be brought in on the Sabbath day. (If the Sabbath is from sunset to sunset, the phrase “began to be dark before the Sabbath” would not be necessary because it should already be the Sabbath. It is obvious that the Sabbath had not come yet and that the night before is not the Sabbath. The gates of Jerusalem
were closed when it became dark according to Nehemiah 7:3. The Sabbath begins on the following morning or day.
20 So the merchants and sellers of all kind of ware lodged without Jerusalem once or twice. (Some translations use the word “spent the night” for the word lodged).
21 Then I testified against them, and said unto them, Why lodge ye about the wall? if ye do so again, I will lay hands on you. From that time forth came they no more on the Sabbath. (They came no more on the Sabbath to do what? To sell their merchandise)
Began to be dark in Nehemiah 13:19 is used by most but not all translations of the Bible. I have noticed that some translations use “began to shadow”. This is used by the Hebrew Interlinear Bible.
New International Version Nehemiah 13:19 as:
When evening shadows (meaning sunset) fell on the gates of Jerusalem before the Sabbath, I ordered the doors to be shut and not opened until the Sabbath was over. I stationed some of my own men at the gates so that no load could be brought in on the Sabbath day.
If you are doing your Sabbath from sunset to sunset, then “before the sabbath” in this verse means the going down of the sun into the night.
In a sunrise to sunset reckoning of the Sabbath, “before the Sabbath” means” rising of the sun on the next day (light)
Let’s look up the words “Began to be dark” is Strong’s H6751 – tsalal. This word has the following meaning …
1) to be or become or grow dark
a) (Qal) to become or grow dark
b) (Hiphil) to shadow
This word comes from a primitive word Strong’s # H6749 – tsalal which means 1) (Qal) to sink, be submerged.
Gesenius’s Lexicon states that the word means to be shaded or dusky.
When I looked at the Hebrew word, it does not have the Hiphil stem attached to it. The Hebrew Hiphil Stem would cause the word to mean “To Shadow”. Therefore, the meaning of the word is (QAL) “to begin to be dark”.
No matter how you translate it, it has something to do with shadows and growing dark. Since there are no shadows after sunset, the verse would have to be speaking of a time prior to sunset. Long shadows are a characteristic of the time just before sunset.
Let’s say that Nehemiah closed the gates just before sundown, what would have been the purpose? Obviously, it was “before the Sabbath” which would start the next day. Nehemiah did not want people bringing in and carrying burdens into Jerusalem to sell on the “Sabbath day” so he had the gates shut to prevent that in verse 19. The word day carries the meaning “heat of the day” from its Hebrew root word.
To shadow, when does that occur? Right after the sun has reached its highest point in the sky as it descends into a sunset.
If he shut the gates at sundown, someone could have come in just before sundown. It was the intent of the merchants to bring their merchandise into Jerusalem to set up and sell on the Sabbath but notice the use of the words “Sabbath Day” in Nehemiah 9:19 & 22.
Nehemiah 7:3 tells us that the gates were usually closed at night. This was an ongoing event every night. Therefore, Nehemiah closed the gates during the day (6th day) before sunset and the gates were not opened until after the Sabbath Day.
Nehemiah 7 (New King James Version)
 Then it was, when the wall was built and I had hung the doors, when the gatekeepers, the singers, and the Levites had been appointed,  that I gave the charge of Jerusalem to my brother Hanani, and Hananiah the leader of the citadel, for he was a faithful man and feared Elohim more than many.
 And I said to them, “Do not let the gates of Jerusalem be opened until the sun is hot; and while they stand guard, let them shut and bar the doors; and appoint guards from among the inhabitants of Jerusalem, one at his watch station and another in front of his own house.”
Pay attention to this. From Genesis 1: day = light and night = darkness. The Most High said that light is called day, but man says, “No … the night is the day starting at sunset”.
The merchants could not get into the gates, so they spent the night outside the gates in hopes of getting into Jerusalem on the Sabbath Day.
Nehemiah put his guards at the gates and then the Levites were put on the gates on The Sabbath Day. Why would Nehemiah put guards on the gates when they were already assigned to keep the gates at night. Ah-Ha! They were to guard the gates during the day (6th Day) when the gates were normally open.
We would be assuming if we said that the Sabbath begins at sunset going into the night in light of all evidence presented in scripture and in nature.
Here is a key point in analyzing Nehemiah 13:19. Regardless of how this passage of Scripture is viewed, before sunset, right at sunset, or even at dark, the Sabbath still had not come.
Based upon the definition of the words and its root meaning, the message in Nehemiah 13:19 supports a sunrise to sunset Sabbath.
Genesis 2:1-3 (King James Version)
About The Sabbath
1 Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, and all the host of them.
2 And on the seventh day Elohim ended his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made.
3 And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and
made. (What happened to “and the evening and the morning” the 7th Day? You do not see it because the Creator was making a point. The Sabbath is literally the 7th day (light) from morning to evening in the heat of the day).
I have already done the search or research and I have not discovered any mention of a “Sabbath Night“in the Bible. I challenge you to do the same.
Matthew 15:9 (King James Version)
 But in vain they do worship me, teaching for doctrines the commandments of men.
(The Doctrine of Men: Keeping the Sabbath on the 6th night and the 7th day)
Mark 16:1 (King James Version)
1 And when the Sabbath was past, Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James, and Salome, had bought sweet spices, that they might come and anoint him.
2 And very early in the morning the first day of the week, they came unto the sepulchre at the rising of the sun.
If the Sabbath was from sunrise to sunrise, then they could not have bought spices between the end of the Sabbath and the rising of the sun. Why? Because they could not buy or sell on the Sabbath because that would be profaning the Sabbath. Here is another verse from three different versions of the Bible that would further illustrate this point.
Matthew 28:1 (King James Version)
1 In the end of the Sabbath, as it began to dawn toward the first day of the week, came Mary Magdalene and the other Mary to see the sepulchre
Matthew 28:1 (Young’s Literal Translation)
1 And on the eve of the Sabbaths, at the dawn, toward the first of the Sabbaths, came Mary the Magdalene, and the other Mary, to see the sepulchre,
Let’s look up the Greek words for (“in the end of the Sabbath”)
Let’s also look up “begin to dawn”. The Sabbath ended at evening. The night followed the Sabbath. After that, we see the growing of light as the first [day] of the week started that morning (daybreak).
Understanding Acts 27:27-35
Some use this text to validate an evening to evening reckoning of a day, but is this really proof in light of what we already know?
#1. 14th night at sea
#2. 14th day of going without food
If Paul had said in verse 27 that “when the 14th night of fasting without food had come while in the Adria Sea”, then there would be a valid case for a day starting at even and ending at even.
27 But when the fourteenth night was come, as we were driven up and down in Adria, about midnight the shipmen deemed that they drew near to some country; (This was the 14th night at sea)
28 And sounded and found it twenty fathoms: and when they had gone a little further, they sounded again, and found it fifteen fathoms.
29 Then fearing lest we should have fallen upon rocks, they cast four anchors out of the stern, and wished for the day.
30 And as the shipmen were about to flee out of the ship, when they had let down the boat into the sea, under colour as though they would have cast anchors out of the foreship,
31 Paul said to the centurion and to the soldiers, Except these abide in the ship, ye cannot be saved.
32 Then the soldiers cut off the ropes of the boat and let her fall off.
33 And while the day (light) was coming on, Paul besought them all to take meat, saying, This day is the fourteenth day that ye have tarried and continued fasting, having taken nothing. (This day is the fourteenth day of fasting)
 Now Jericho was straitly shut up because of the children of Israel: none went out, and none came in. And YAH said unto Joshua, See, I have given into thine hand Jericho, and the king thereof, and the mighty men of valour.  And ye shall compass the city, all ye men of war, and go round about the city once. Thus shalt thou do six days.  And seven priests shall bear before the ark seven trumpets of rams’ horns: and the seventh day ye shall compass the city seven times, and the priests shall blow with the trumpets.
Moving to verse 12…
 And Joshua rose early in the morning, and the priests took up the ark of YAH.  And seven priests bearing seven trumpets of rams’ horns before the ark of YAH went on continually, and blew with the trumpets: and the armed men went before them; but the rereward came after the ark of YAH, the priests going on, and blowing with the trumpets.  And the second day they compassed the city once, and returned into the camp: so they did six days.  And it came to pass on the seventh day, that they rose early about the dawning of the day, and compassed the city after the same manner seven times:only on that day. they compassed the city seven times.  And it came to pass at the seventh time, when the priests blew with the trumpets, Joshua said unto the people, Shout; for YAH hath given you the city.
1 Samuel 20 (King James Version)
David & Jonathan
5 And David said unto Jonathan, Behold, to morrow is the new moon (new month or new month day), and I should not fail to sit with the king at meat: but let me go, that I may hide myself in the field unto the third day at even.
The translators decided to use the word “new moon” instead of new month or new month day. When David said tomorrow is the new moon, it had to have been during the day portion of a 24 hour period because he makes reference to “tomorrow” which would be the next day or next light.
We will see why “new month” or “new moon day” would have been a better translation later.1 Samuel 20:5 tells us that tomorrow is the next day.
18 Then Jonathan said to David, To morrow is the new moon: and thou shalt be missed, because thy seat will be empty.
19 And when thou hast stayed three days, then thou shalt go down quickly, and come to the place where thou didst hide thyself when the business was in hand, and shalt remain by the stone Ezel. Three days concluded at even on the third day as stated in verse 5
20 And I will shoot three arrows on the side thereof, as though I shot at a mark.
21 And, behold, I will send a lad, saying, Go, find out the arrows. If I expressly say unto the lad, Behold, the arrows are on this side of thee, take them; then come thou: for there is peace to thee, and no hurt; as YAH liveth.
22 But if I say thus unto the young man, Behold, the arrows are beyond thee; go thy way: for YAH hath sent thee away.
23 And as touching the matter which thou and I have spoken of, behold, YAH be between thee and me for ever.
24 So David hid himself in the field: and when the new moon (new moon day or new month) was come, the king sat him down to eat meat.
25 And the king sat upon his seat, as at other times, even upon a seat by the wall: and Jonathan arose, and Abner sat by Saul’s side, and David’s place was empty.
26 Nevertheless Saul spake not anything that day: for he thought, Something hath befallen him, he is not clean; surely he is not clean. Saul didn’t speak that day. The Hebrew word for “day” comes from a root word meaning “the heat of the day”.
27 And it came to pass on the morrow, which was the second day of the month, that David’s place was empty: and Saul said unto Jonathan his son, Wherefore cometh not the son of Jesse to meat, neither yesterday, nor today? Notice that the translators used the word “month” here but they did not use new moon as in verse 5. It is now the second day of the month which means that yesterday was the 1st day of the month also called the new month or new moon day.
28 And Jonathan answered Saul, David earnestly asked leave of me to go to Bethlehem:
29 And he said, Let me go, I pray thee; for our family hath a sacrifice in the city; and my brother, he hath commanded me to be there: and now, if I have found favour in thine eyes, let me get away, I pray thee, and see my brethren. Therefore, he cometh not unto the king’s table.
30 Then Saul’s anger was kindled against Jonathan, and he said unto him, Thou son of the perverse rebellious woman, do not I know that thou hast chosen the son of Jesse to thine own confusion, and unto the confusion of thy mother’s nakedness?
31 For as long as the son of Jesse liveth upon the ground, thou shalt not be established, nor thy kingdom. Wherefore now send and fetch him unto me, for he shall surely die.
32 And Jonathan answered Saul his father, and said unto him, Wherefore shall he be slain? what hath he done?
33 And Saul cast a javelin at him to smite him: whereby Jonathan knew that it was determined of his father to slay David.
34 So Jonathan arose from the table in fierce anger and did eat no meat the second day of the month: for he was grieved for David, because his father had done him shame.
35 And it came to pass in the morning (the morning started the day which was the third day), that Jonathan went out into the field at the time appointed (the third day) with David, and a little lad with him.Remember that David said he would hide until the 3rd day at even, but Jonathan came in the morning on the third day.
36 And he said unto his lad, Run, find out now the arrows which I shoot. And as the lad ran, he shot an arrow beyond him.
37 And when the lad was come to the place of the arrow which Jonathan had shot, Jonathan cried after the lad, and said, Is not the arrow beyond thee?
38 And Jonathan cried after the lad, Make speed, haste, stay not. And Jonathan’s lad gathered up the arrows, and came to his master.
39 But the lad knew not any thing: only Jonathan and David knew the matter.
40 And Jonathan gave his artillery unto his lad, and said unto him, Go, carry them to the city.
41 And as soon as the lad was gone, David arose out of a place toward the south, and fell on his face to the ground, and bowed himself three times: and they kissed one another, and wept one with another, until David exceeded.
42 And Jonathan said to David, Go in peace, forasmuch as we have sworn both of us in the name of the LORD, saying, The LORD be between me and thee, and between my seed and thy seed for ever. And he arose and departed: and Jonathan went into the city.
New Moon should have been translated New Month Day. Tomorrow is the next day or light and not the night. Jonathan went at the appointed time to meet David on the third day in the morning. Pay attention to the sequence. David knew that tomorrow was the next day and the new moon day. The three days started with the new moon day and ended at the third day at even but Jonathan came in the morning of the third day.
2 Kings 7
The Syrians Flee
3 Now there were four leprous men at the entrance of the gate; and they said to one another, “Why are we sitting here until we die?
4 If we say, ‘We will enter the city,’ the famine is in the city, and we shall die there. And if we sit here, we die also. Now therefore, come, let us surrender to the army of the Syrians. If they keep us alive, we shall live; and if they kill us, we shall only die.”
5 And they rose at twilight to go to the camp of the Syrians; and when they had come to the outskirts of the Syrian camp, to their surprise no one was there.
What is definition of the word twilight?
Twilight can be in the evening as well as in the morning!
6 For YAH had caused the army of the Syrians to hear the noise of chariots and the noise of horses—the noise of a great army; so they said to one another, “Look, the king of Israel has hired against us the kings of the Hittites and the kings of the Egyptians to attack us!”
7 Therefore they arose and fled at twilight, and left the camp intact—their tents, their horses, and their donkeys—and they fled for their lives.
8 And when these lepers came to the outskirts of the camp, they went into one tent and ate and drank, and carried from it silver and gold and clothing, and went and hid them; then they came back and entered another tent, and carried some from there also, and went and hid it.
9 Then they said to one another, “We are not doing right. This day (Hebrew word “yom” meaning day, daylight or in the heat of the day) is a day of good news, and we remain silent. If we wait until morning light (the next day) , some punishment will come upon us. Now therefore, come, let us go and tell the king’s household.” The lepers did what they did during the daylight. It is an assumption if we think that they did what they did at night. The word “day” is key in this verse.
10 So they went and called to the gatekeepers of the city, and told them, saying, “We went to the Syrian camp, and surprisingly no one was there, not a human sound—only horses and donkeys tied, and the tents intact.”
11 And the gatekeepers called out, and they told it to the king’s household inside.
12 So the king arose in the night and said to his servants, “Let me now tell you what the Syrians have done to us. They know that we are hungry; therefore they have gone out of the camp to hide themselves in the field, saying, ‘When they come out of the city, we shall catch them alive, and get into the city.’”
Then went Samson to Gaza, and saw there an harlot, and went in unto her. 2 And it was told the Gazites, saying, Samson is come hither. And they compassed him in, and laid wait for him all night in the gate of the city, and were quiet all the night, saying, In the morning, when it is day, we shall kill him.
Abraham: The Smoking Furnace & the Burning Lamp
Does this passage of Scripture (Genesis 15:12-18) define the beginning of a day at sunset?
On the surface, this passage of Scripture can be used to support both an “evening to evening” as well as a “sunrise to sunset” rendering of a day.
12 And when the sun was going down, a deep sleep fell upon Abram; and, lo, a horror of great darkness fell upon him. 13 And he said unto Abram, Know of a surety that thy seed shall be a stranger in a land that is not theirs, and shall serve them; and they shall afflict them four hundred years; 14 And also that nation, whom they shall serve, will I judge: and afterward shall they come out with great substance. 15And thou shalt go to thy fathers in peace; thou shalt be buried in a good old age. 16But in the fourth generation they shall come hither again: for the iniquity of the Amorites is not yet full. 17 And it came to pass, that, when the sun went down, and it was dark, behold a smoking furnace, and a burning lamp that passed between those pieces. 18 In the same day YHUH made a covenant with Abram, saying, unto thy seed have I given this land, from the river of Egypt unto the great river, the river Euphrates:
Let us look a little closer.
In verse 18, the word “same” was added by the translators to make the verse flow better in English. This is not in the Hebrew text from which the KJV was translated. Read this verse again without the word “same” in it. It makes a difference.
Genesis 15:18 (Revised): In day YHUH made a covenant with Abram, saying, unto thy seed have I given this land, from the river of Egypt unto the great river, the river Euphrates …
Now we see that the passage is talking about the light portion or day of a 24-hour period.
Back to Genesis 1:5, light is called day. This passage, Genesis 15:18, is either talking about the daylight before the Smoking Furnace and the Burning Lamp appearance at night, or it is talking about the daylight after.
The Sabbath Day (7th Day) should be celebrated from sunrise to sunset. An “even to even” scenario does not fit with events that happened in the Bible no matter how you try to fit it. If the day begins at sunset, wouldn’t that be like saying light equals darkness? Friday night is the 6th night and not the 7th day.
Hebrew words often carry multiple meanings for one word. The word day (yowm) has this same meaning. The context determines whether or not the day is a 24-hour period (day and night) or just the light portion called the day.
Leviticus 8:35 (King James Version)
35 Therefore shall ye abide at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation day and night seven days, and keep the charge of the LORD, that ye die not: for so I am commanded.
Esther 4:16 (King James Version)
16 Go, gather together all the Jews that are present in Shushan, and fast ye for me, and neither eat nor drink three days, night or day: I also and my maidens will fast likewise; and so will I go in unto the king, which is not according to the law: and if I perish, I perish.
16 And if any man’s seed of copulation go out from him, then he shall wash all his flesh in water, and be unclean until the even.
17 And every garment, and every skin, whereon is the seed of copulation, shall be washed with water,and be unclean until the even.
18 The woman also with whom man shall lie with seed of copulation, they shall both bathe themselves in water, and be unclean until the even.
28 But if she be cleansed of her issue, then she shall number to herself seven days, and after that she shall be clean.
29 And on the eighth day she shall take unto her two turtles, or two young pigeons, and bring them unto the priest, to the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.
The 7 days of a woman’s separation in Leviticus 15 consist of both the day and night in which we call a 24-hour period. She becomes clean after 7 days. She had to appear before the priest on the 8th day for atonement.
Key point: YAH says that 6 days you shall labor, but the seventh day is a day of rest. If he wanted to include the night with that, he would have said 6 days and 6 nights.
During the days of antiquity, people ceased working at night and slept. In modern times, we have electricity, open stores, and other things to allow us to work during night.
Ceasing work on the 7th day sets us apart from the rest of the world that continues to work during that time.
Barnes’ Notes on the Bible (commentary on Acts 2:15) states…
“For these are not drunken … – The word these here includes Peter himself, as well as the others. The charge doubtless extended to all. The third hour of the day – The Jews divided their day into twelve equal parts, reckoning from sunrise to sunset. Of course, the hours were longer in summer than in winter. The third hour would correspond to our nine o’clock in the morning” (end).
Both of the expressions “the evening and the morning” and “the morning and the evening” can be found in the Bible.
The phrase “the morning and the evening”, (or similar expressions) occurs in Exodus 18:13,14;1 Samuel 17:16; 1 Chronicles 16:40; 2 Chronicles 2:4; 2 Chronicles 13:11; 2 Chronicles 31:3; Ezra 3:3;Job 4:20; Psalms 65:8; Isaiah 21:12; Isaiah 28:19; and Acts 28:23.
Both of the expressions “night and day” and “day and night” can be found in the Bible.
The phrase, “night and day”, (and similar expressions) occurs in 1 Samuel. 25:16; 1 Kings. 8:29;Esther. 4:16; Psalms 19:2; Psalms 91:5; Isaiah 27:3; Isaiah 34:10; Jeremiah 14:17; Mark. 4:27; Mark 5:5;Luke 2:37; Acts 20:31; Acts 26:7; 2 Corinthians. 11:25; 1 Thessalonians. 2:9; 1 Thessalonians. 3:10;2 Thessalonians. 3:8; 1 Timothy 5:5; 2 Timothy 1:3.
The phrase, “day and night”, (or similar expressions) occurs in Genesis 1:18; Genesis 7:4;Genesis 8:22; Genesis 31:39,40; Exodus 10:13; Exodus 13:21,22; Exodus 24:18; Exodus 34:28;Leviticus 8:35; Numbers 9:21; Deuteronomy 9:9,11,18,25; Deuteronomy 10:10; Deuteronomy 28:66;Joshua 1:8; 1 Samuel 30:12; 2 Samuel 21:10; 1 Kings 8:59; 1 Kings 19:8; 1 Chronicles 9:33;2 Chronicles. 6:20; Nehemiah 1:6; Nehemiah 4:9; Nehemiah 9:12,19; Job 2:13; Psalms 1:2; Psalms 32:4;Psalms 42:3; Psalms 55:10; Psalms 74:16; Psalms 88:1; Psalms 121:6; Psalms 136:8-9;Ecclesiastes 8:16; Isaiah 28:19; Isaiah 38:12,13; Isaiah 60:11; Isaiah 62:6; Jeremiah 9:1; Jeremiah 16:13;Jeremiah 33:20,25; Lamentations 2:18; Jonah 1:17; Zechariah 14:7; Matthew 4:2; Luke 18:7; Acts 9:24;Revelations 4:8; Revelations 7:15; Revelations 12:10; Revelations 14:11; Revelations 20:10.
They change the night into day: the light [is] short because of darkness.
 And the word of YAH came unto Jeremiah, saying,  Thus saith YAH; If ye can break my covenant of the day, and my covenant of the night, and that there should not be day and night in their season (time);  Then may also my covenant be broken with David my servant, that he should not have a son to reign upon his throne; and with the Levites the priests, my ministers.
1 Thessalonians 5 (New King James Version)
 But you, brethren, are not in darkness, so that this Day should overtake you as a thief.  You are all sons of light and sons of the day. We are not of the night nor of darkness.  Therefore let us not sleep, as others do, but let us watch and be sober.  For those who sleep, sleep at night, and those who get drunk are drunk at night.  But let us who are of the day be sober, putting on the breastplate of faith and love, and as a helmet the hope of salvation.  For YAH did not appoint us to wrath, but to obtain salvation through Yahusha The Messiah  who died for us, that whether we wake or sleep, we should live together with Him.  Therefore comfort each other and edify one another, just as you also are doing.